How to Develop an Effective Skin Care Routine?

What Is the Hype About Skin Care?

One trip to the skincare products' aisle will make your head pound by looking at all the different cleansers, lip balms, toners, serums, essential oils, creams, ointments and gels available. The reality is that a skin care routine doesn't have to be complex in order to be good. Great skin isn't just a matter of DNA—your everyday activities have a major effect on what you see in the mirror.

When it comes to a radiant, flawless complexion, there are some steps you can follow to achieve the best skin care routine possible—but not all of them need to be performed on a regular basis or even at the same time. No matter how many steps your skin care routine has, there's one thing you must do to improve your skincare, which is to use the products in the right order.

No matter what your skin concerns are, whether you want to know the best skin care routine for dry skin, the best skin care routine for combination skin, or best skin care routine for 40s, you should start with a washed, toned foundation, then add concentrated, active ingredients and end with moisture sealing products—and, of course, add SPF during the daytime.

With so many choices, it's easy to understand how anyone can get frustrated. We've designed a simplified and quick skin care routine for you to follow. It will answer all your burning questions like can you use hyaluronic acid with retinol, or oil before or after moisturizer or eye cream before or after moisturizer. Follow the following skincare routine steps to get the most out of your natural skin care routine:

How to Layer Skincare Products?

Using your skin care items in the right order guarantees that your skin enjoys the maximum advantages of each product. A simple rule of thumb that you can follow is to use your skin care products from the thinnest to the thicket consistency.

The sequence of application is extremely important. Only a limited number of the main ingredients in skincare products penetrate the skin, even though they are perfectly formulated and used. If you do not layer the products in the right order, you will not get the best results. Here’s how you should layer them:


Washing and cleansing your face are the most basic and necessary steps in any routine. You should wash your face with a high quality face wash before you cleanse it. Cleansing should also be a part of both your morning skin care routine and night skin care routine.

Go for a cleanser that detoxifies your skin and removes any impurities and dirt from your face without drying your skin out. If you have mature or aged skin, try a creamy cleanser instead. As you grow old, your skin loses its moisture, nutrients, and oil content, which can lead to dry skin. A creamy facial cleanser replenishes oils and gently removes makeup.

How to Cleanse: Gently massage your face to spread your face wash all over your face. Rinse your palms and gently scrub your face with water to wash your face until the cleanser and the dirt have been removed. Using a soft towel, pat your face dry. If you wear makeup every day, you need to wash and cleanse your face twice every night, as well.

How to Cleanse routine steps


Next up in your face care routine should be toner. People often skip toners because they assume that they irritate the skin. But that is not the case any more. Although they do not physically "shrink" the pores, toners can serve many other functions, such as serving as a delivery mechanism for antioxidants, toning acids and vitamin B derivatives. Plus, every kind of toner is meant for a particular skin problem, so it is vital to buy the right type toner for your skin problem.

How to and When to Use Toner: Use a toner after cleanser, and before you use anything else. Pour a few drops of toner in your hands and softly swipe across your face. If you have an exfoliating toner with ingredients such as glycolic acid, use it only at nighttime. Hydrating toners can be used twice per day. Never use exfoliating toners and retinoids or other kinds of exfoliators simultaneously.

How to and When to Use Toner steps


Serums are important allies of the skin. These elixirs are loaded with concentrated active ingredients and can mitigate a variety of problems, from blemishes to wrinkles. Even if you don't have any particular problems, it is good to have a general serum with anti-ageing and antioxidants to defend against everyday aggressors.

While there are infinite choices for ingredients, search for products like hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, niacinamide, vitamin B3, colloidal sulfur, retinol, and peptides to fix specific problems.

How to Apply Serum: Gently apply the serum to your face with your fingertips then tap, pat, and smooth it out. Do not forget to apply the serum to the neck. Do not tug at the skin and neither rub it too hard, let the serum absorb on its own after you've smoothed it out.

Note: No matter what type of serum you use, always use water-based serums underneath the moisturiser while oil-based serums must be used after the moisturiser.

How to Apply Serum steps

Eye Cream

It's important to use eye cream every night, if not twice every day. Regular application of eye cream keeps the eyelid skin elastic and avoids any fine lines or loss of collagen. You can also protect the fragile skin around your eyes by using an SPF eye cream or using a sunscreen every day. Wear sunglasses when you go out to safeguard your eyes against UV-light damage and lines that are caused by squinting.

How to Apply Eye Cream: If you use a specialised eye cream, layer it under the moisturiser because eye creams are thinner than moisturisers. Try applying an eye cream with a metal roller-ball applicator and store it in the refrigerator to counteract the puffiness of eyes in the morning. Using hydrating eye creams at night can increase fluid retention, which makes the eyes look puffy in the morning.

How to Apply Eye Cream steps

Spot Treatment

Prescription drugs and acne spot treatments should be layered as close to the skin as possible to optimise their benefits. As acne spot remedies vary in active ingredients, review the packaging of your product or ask your dermatologist how to use it.

Benzoyl peroxide, a popular acne spot treatment ingredient, has a one-hour to three-hours working period. Any product that comes into contact with it before it has done what it is supposed to do will prevent the active ingredient from functioning properly. Keep in mind that acne spot treatments will dry your skin out, so always apply only to places where you need it.

It is better to use spot treatments at night because that's when your body is in healing mode.

How to treat facial spots, step by step routine


Moisturiser hydrates the skin and keeps the skin barrier. Look for light moisturisers for the morning, preferably with SPF 30 or more. People with dry skin should use a moisturiser in the morning and night.

Your skin starts to regenerate at night working super hard to repair the damage and accelerate regeneration. So, your night moisturiser must be packed with all the stuff that your body naturally creates and can use some more of, such as hyaluronic acid, proteins and lipids. You can also try an anti-ageing night cream that has a watered-down dose of retinoids which are great for sensitive skin.

How to Apply Moisturizer: Squeeze a little amount of moisturiser into your hand. Don't use too much of it. Warm up the moisturiser in your palms. Apply to the cheeks with gentle circular movements. Apply to the forehead and the rest of the face. Use soft, gentle strokes, particularly on the neck.

The best time to use a moisturiser is when the skin is still wet, so the sooner you apply your serum, the sooner you can lock your moisturiser in your skin.

How to Apply Moisturizer at your skin, step by step

Face Oil

Face oils are occlusive, which means they lock in all the products and moisture you've just added to your face to prevent them from evaporating. In fact, oils are not that moisturising on their own, but when you apply them over other items, they help increase the effectiveness of your regimen while keeping your skin soft and supple.

How and When to Use Face Oil: Most face oils can be applied twice a day. They should be used after serums and gels, and before creams and lotions. Spread a pea-sized amount of face oils between your palms and pat it on, focusing on the outer areas of your face, and then sweeping towards the middle, across your eyes, lips, and nose.


It may be the last step, but almost every dermatologist can tell you that sun protection is the most essential aspect of any skin care routine, and sun creams do that effectively.

Safeguarding your skin from Ultraviolet rays can avoid skin cancer and signs of ageing. If your moisturiser does not contain SPF, you must wear sunscreen. Wait 20 minutes before you step outside. Look for a wide-spectrum SPF, which ensures that your sunscreen protects your skin against both UVA and UVB rays.

How to use sunscreen step by step process

Putting It All Together

Once you've got all your products right, and you know everything including, how to use cleanser and toner and other products, it's time to put them together into morning and night routines. Consistency is important when it comes to skincare, so ensure that any regimen you develop is one that you will be able to execute on a regular basis.

Since everybody has different types of skin, every skincare routine is special. For instance, if you have dry skin, you may want to skip your cleanser in the morning and, just wash your face with water. Or, if your skin is oily, you can choose to moisturise your skin only at night. If you have any concerns about developing a regimen, you should consult a dermatologist.